|Judul||:||SPEED READING: UNIVERSITY EFL STUDENTS’ STRATEGIES AND PERCEPTIONS|
EFL reading classes are often teacher-centered and only focus on direct knowledge transmission, the emphasis is often put on the production of comprehension rather than the processing skills. This research attempts to maximize the students’ participation in evaluating the process of reading by using speed reading program, to find out the strategies they use in the reading process, and to know the students’ perceptions on speed reading in order to enhance their reading comprehension skill in English. The participants of the study are twenty one students of English Education Study Program of Faculty of Teachers Training and Educational Sciences, in the fifth semester of 2017/2018 academic year. The data were collected from the students’ reading graphs, reflection journals, and interview. The major findings of this research are: (1) the average of students’ reading rate is below the ideal speed 300 wpm, but the average result of comprehension score is excellent. Both reading rate and reading comprehension show a progress. (2) Most of the students had used cognitive strategies and unconsciously used metacognitive strategies also. (3) Most of the students showed positive perceptions toward the speed reading program, they were also motivated and able to evaluate themselves to develop their reading skill. It can be concluded that at this level, they have acquired some reading skills and strategies, and by evaluating and recognizing their own weaknesses, they have tried to improve themselves to get better.
Keywords: EFL, Case Study, Speed Reading, Strategy, Perception
|Tahun||:||2019||Media Publikasi||:||Jurnal Nasional Blm Akreditasi|
|Kategori||:||Jurnal||No/Vol/Tahun||:||NO 1 (2019) 22-42 / VOL 3 / 2019|
|ISSN/ISBN||:||E-ISSN : 2550-0406|
|PTN/S||:||Universitas Pakuan||Program Studi||:||PENDIDIKAN BAHASA INGGRIS|
Abdelrahman, M. and Bsharah, M. 2014. The effect of speed reading strategies on developing reading comprehension among the 2nd secondary students in English language. English Language Teaching ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750 ; Vol.7, No. 6. Canadian Center of Science and Education.
Alderson, J.C. 2000. Assessing reading. London: Cambridge University Press Anderson, Nl. 1999. Exploring second language reading. Toronto: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.
Buzan, T. 2003. The speed reading book. London: BBC Worldwide Limited. Chang, A. 2010. The effect of a timed reading activity on EFL learners: speed, comprehension, and perceptions. Reading in a Foreign Language, Vol. 22, No. 2 284-303
Dyson, Mary. and Haselgrove, Mark. 2000. The effects of reading speed and reading patterns on the understanding of text read from screen. Journal of Research in Reading, ISSN 01410423: Vol. 23, Issue 2
De Debat, E. 2006. Applying current approaches to the teaching of reading. A Journal in English Teaching Forum Volume 44 Number 1. USA.
Fazal, S. Majoka, M. Irumjabeen. Khan, M. 2015. Impact of speed reading intervention on students’ learning second language. Proceedings of ISER 6th International Conference, Sydney, Australia. ISBN 978-93-85465-99-4
Harmer, J. 2007. How to Teach English. London : Pearson Education Limited. Hung, Shao-Ting. 2009. Promoting Self-assessment Strategies: An Electronic Portfolio Approach.Asian EFL Journal. Accessed on June 2009.
Grellet, F. 2010. Developing reading skill. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Guthrie, J.T; Wigfield, A; Perencevich, K.C. 2004. Motivating reading comprehension. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.Publishers.
Iser, W. 1980. The act of reading: Theory of aesthetic response. London: The John Hopkins University Press, Ltd.
Konstant, T. 2003. Speed reading. London: McGraw- Hill. Langan, J. 2002. Reading and study skills. New York: McGraw- Hill. Mackey, A. & Gass, S.M. 2005. Second language research: methodology and design. Mahwah New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc. McNamara, D. S. 2007. Reading comprehension strategies. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
McNeil, J.D. 1987. Reading comprehension: New directions for classroom practices. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman & Company.
Hidayati/ PEDAGONAL Vol 3 No 1 (2019)
Merriam, S. B. 1998. Case study research in education: a qualitative approach. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Mikulecky, B and Jeffries, L. 2005. Reading Power. Pearson Education, Inc. 10 Bank Street, White Plains, NY
Mikulecky, B and Jeffries, L. 2007. Advanced Reading Power. Pearson Education, Inc. 10 Bank Street, White Plains, NY
Miyata, H. Minagawa-Kawai, Y. Watanabe, S. sasaki, T. Ueda, K. 2012. Reading Speed, Comprehension and eye movements while reading Japanese novels: evidence from untrained readers and cases of speed-reading trainees. PLoS ONE: Vol. 7. Issue 5
Nation, I.S.P. 2009.Teaching ESL/EFL reading and writing. New York :Routledge Nuttal, C. 1996. Teaching reading skills in a foreign language. Oxford: Heinemann.
O’Malley, J.M and A.U Chamot. 1990. Learning strategies in second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
O’Malley, J.M, and L.Valdez-Pierce. 1996. Authentic assessment for English language learners. White Plains, NY: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Seabra, A. Dias, N. Mecca, T. Macedo, E. 2017. Contribution of word reading speed to reading comprehension in Brazilian children: does speed matter to the comprehension model?. Frontiers in Psychology. Vol. 8, Article 630
Soedarso. Speed reading – Sistem membaca cepat dan efektif. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 1988.
Suparman, U. 2009. Qualitative research for language teaching and learning. Bandung: Arfino Raya Publisher.
Underwood, P. Myskow, G. Hattori, T. 2012. The effect of speed reading instruction on Japanese high school students’ English reading comprehension and vocabulary development. Journal of International Education Research: Vol. 8, No. 1
Wardani, S. 2014. Using speed reading and extensive reading activities to improve students’ reading fluency. Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora. ISSN 2338-8110. Vol. 2, No. 3
Wigfield, A & Guthrie, John T. 2004. Motivating reading comprehension. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. New Jersey