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Didik Notosudjono

Judul : Renewable Energy Development Strategy in Indonesia
Abstrak :

In the framework of climate change, the use of renewable energy as a clean energy become

a worldwide trend as it could potentially reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as well as

global warming from the conventional energy sources. In this case, Indonesia has a sizeable

Potential Renewable Energy that is spread across various regions, where the primary

advantage of using this renewable energy potential in Indonesia is the generally-low

operating cost, by utilizing a sustainable local energy source, and the current regulatory

support in the field of renewable energy is proved to be favourable. Therefore, supporting the

development of Renewable Energy in Indonesia

The purpose of developing renewable energy is to achieve the goals and objectives of the

renewable energy development as stated in RPJMN 2015-2019 (Portions of renewable

energy amounting to 16% of final energy mix) mix to reach the target of 23% renewable

energy by 2025 and 31% in 2050 from final energy mix in accordance with the Indonesia

National energy Policy (Government Regulation No. 79 of 2014), and utilizing the role of

renewable energy to support the achievement of Electrification ratio 96.6% and electricity

consumption per capita 1200 kWh in 2019.

Methods used to achieve these ends are literatures study, analyzing the data based on

renewable energy, also by providing solutions and advice in developing a renewable energy

in Indonesia

According to survey, National electrical energy supply in 2014 amounted to 53.352 MW,

consisting of Fossil energy amounted to 42 022 MW (79%), and renewable energy

amounting to 11,330 MW (21%). The desired target in 2019 amounted to 96 320 MW with an

explanation of energy Fossil amounted to 79 366 MW (82%) and renewable energy

amounting to 16 954 MW (18%), so that the energy shortage of 42 968 MW.

Based on these data, the efforts to reach the target until 2019 is not a trivial matter, whereas

by 2025 the supply of electrical energy national target of 115 MW with a share of renewable

energy by 23%, with respect to the above strategy of renewable energy development in

Indonesia is Strengthening the role of renewable energy in the energy mix: (1) incentives and

the right price to encourage investment; (i) the use of various renewable energy and bioenergy

for power generation, and (iii) the use of biofuels. As well as increasing accessibility:

the supply of electricity to the islands and isolated rural villages, including the village of

fishermen if possible, with solar energy and other renewable energy. Harnessing the

potential of water resources for hydroelectric power, among others: (i) incentives to

accelerate the development of hydropower, which dispensation utilization of forest land for

the construction of hydroelectric power, setting the price of electricity and the provision of

land, (ii) simplification of regulations and licensing requirements document for hydropower

and an increase in energy use efficiency in Indonesia.

Tahun : 2016 Media Publikasi : Seminar Internasional
Kategori : Prosiding No/Vol/Tahun : 1 / 1 / 2016
PTN/S : Universitas Pakuan Program Studi : TEKNIK ELEKTRO
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